Coronavirus is actually a term that is used to describe a large set of viruses that cause respiratory type symptoms. So we’re talking about a Coronavirus that is causing COVID-19 which stands for Coronavirus disease 2019
However, in the past decade or so, we have seen other Coronavirus outbreaks in other parts of the world like SARS. So, therefore, there are different types of Coronaviruses which we will briefly review in this article as well.
Where does the name Coronavirus come from?
Well, that word Corona is Latin for garland or crown. So if you looked at a Coronavirus, you would see these interesting projections coming off of the virus, which is sort of similar to the projections that come off a crown so that is why they called it Coronavirus. Now the Coronavirus that we’re seeing today is causing COVID-19 so this is a new type of Coronavirus that they haven’t seen in humans up until now. And they have given this virus a name just recently. Now, according to the CDC, this Coronavirus that is causing COVID-19 is genetically similar to the Coronavirus that causes SARS However, they are two different viruses.
Where was Coronavirus originally? Where do they come from?
They can come from an infected animal. We’ve seen these events before. For instance, we have seen mirrors, mere stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. It first started in Saudi Arabia in 2012. And it originated from camels. There’s also SARS, which stands for the severe acute respiratory syndrome. It started in China in 2003. And it originated from a civic cat, which is more similar looking to a mongoose, And today we are experiencing a Coronavirus outbreak called COVID-19 which is what this article is going to concentrate on. And it started in Wuhan China was first identified in 2019.
Now, as of today, not only have we seen it in China, but it has also spread to other countries throughout the world. This virus is similar genetically to the SARS virus, but it’s a completely different virus. And currently, we do not know the animal source where this virus originated from that is currently unknown. However, some theories possibly came from an animal market in Wu Han China like maybe seafood, or there’s another theory that possibly came from a pangolin which is a type of anteater.
Now what are some things that increase your risk of developing Coronavirus Well, if you have provided care or been in close contact with someone who has the virus, this could be a family member or a healthcare worker, or you have traveled abroad to one of those areas where they’re experiencing a high outbreak or you live there, or you have been in close contact with someone who has traveled abroad to one of those high outbreak areas and has come back that can increase your risk as well.
How could you catch this Coronavirus?
If someone is in close contact when they do this activity, they can potentially inhale that water droplet with that virus and in fact, their respiratory tract. Also when this person sneezes or coughs, these droplets can fall onto surfaces and contaminate them. But if someone comes along, touches that surface and goes and touches their eyes or nose in their mouth, they can contaminate themselves. So we had the contact route.
Now, what is the incubation period meaning when that person first started showing signs and symptoms from their time of exposure?
it’s anywhere between two to 14 days. It’s also important to know that patients who do have COVID-19 May be asymptomatic, meaning they don’t have symptoms as of yet, but they could still be contagious.
What are some signs and symptoms of this illness?
it’s going to be related to the respiratory system because this is what it affects. It’s similar to the flu in its signs and symptoms like fever, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat fatigue. The only way we can know if a person does have COVID-19 is if they have a test and a test is available. This will assess and detect the genetic material, that specific virus that we’re looking for in COVID-19.
some preventative measures you can take to prevent from getting COVID-19, so one of the most important things that you can do is to perform hand hygiene frequently washing those hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or using alcohol-based sanitizer This is very important because we want to prevent from infecting ourselves with the virus that we may have picked up on our hands.
What we know (and don’t) about the origin of the coronavirus?
And you don’t want to touch your eyes, your nose, your mouth, make sure you prevent yourself from doing that because you can infect yourself with the virus. Also, if you have to cough or sneeze, you must cover that up to protect others around you. So if you use a tissue paper or mask to cover that up, make sure you dispose of that properly. Don’t leave those lying around. And then after you sneeze or cough, make sure you wash your hands.
Another important thing is avoiding travel to high-risk areas that are experiencing a high amount of COVID-19 cases you don’t want to go there unless you have to. And you want to avoid others who are sick. So it’s important. You have a fever and a cough, you want to stay home.
Now, what is the treatment for this virus?
As of right now, there is not a vaccine. However, the only available treatment is the supportive treatment like treating the signs and symptoms like respiratory support. But other than that it’s just treating those signs and symptoms.
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Okay, so that wraps up this review over the coronavirus. Stay at home… Stay Safe…